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Always best to use separate media query files to target the devices within the break point range … and always use min and max settings to target these devices, because if you use only min size and overwrite by the next larger size or smaller size you are still loading all assets. Any online articles that talk about this would be greatly appreciated! Gorgeous site, Jeremy! I stumbled on this post searching for the same problem you had — getting everything to look the same cross-phone-browsers.

I think this thread may help me. Thanks for posting and keep up the awesome work. Amit Nagar! That should work right? Just put that in your main css file where you hide the footer but then add a style in there to display it….

Also, i checked out the website too, looks great. One question I have is when i collapse the browser i notice that you always use the same set of images. Are you planning to keep it that way or will you optimize it for mobile devices by making the background not as big.

Robbie, thank you for your response. I do have the styles for the retina display only, in addition to regular smartphones, and it does not seem to work on distinguishing between the two. If I eliminate the footer for normal smartphones, it overrides the retina styles regardless. Seems to be all or nothing so far. Yes, thank you for your observation. I indeed plan on loading in smaller background images for the mobile version. I just have not added in those media queries yet, as this is a responsive experiment for me in progress.

My issue is the same as Marks. There are several reasons to use the viewport-width instead of the device-width. You sir are a genius. Works like a charm! I used about media queries in a recent project, when I enter into landscape mode from portrait mode on iPad it appears scaled i. I want it to show on original page zoom on both portrait and landscape mode. Yes there are solutions for this. The simplest is to use Chrome instead of Safari as this is a mobile Safari bug.

You are not the only one with safari issues. I am having the same issues with safari picking up media css as well in ANY resolution. You said match every screen device with over pixels. That is every device except very old phones, and you asked it to look and device-width, not width, so it does not care about the size of your browser window at all… only the devices width. What would be the heights associated with the widths? You would have to research each device you want to target to find out the heights or find the phone with the lowest resolution to use as a baseline.

Honestly, you should just structure your page so all important vital things are at the top and less vital things below that. Amd make it so your 2ndary things are partly visible so they know tp scroll, but I think it is mostly implied. I am a GUI designer. Hi Jared, I would work matching one of the highest resolution supported today like the iPad mini retina that is:. Thanks for the useful info. I love your input boxes with the images in them! Can you tell me how or where i could find out how to use them?

I really love the idea of a boilerplate snippet for queries, but the portrait and landscape queries for smartphones more accurately, for iPhones appear broken in my tests. Detecting portrait mode would then look something like…. I am having problems understanding your approach to this. I have been working with a framework lately and working on a responsive grid system.

In this part of your script. But then you have px, ok this is larger then the resolution of my macbook but px at least is my imac size and to me the standard size of any screen round a bout. Now I feel in my round a bout px size monitor, these two sizes are gonna class.

Why not delete min-width : px and set it at a much larger pixel rate. I hope this makes sense. Now between px and px I can then create the grid system as normal to whatever size i feel and when it goes below px or above px, it changes. But their is no mixing. The only other idea I have come up with is that your not creating the css anywhere else and the px is what it is but what if a grid is or px which is typical. Also you have a and min-device-width : px and max-device-width : px.

Sorry about the blunt questions, but im just trying to understand it and I ask a lot of questions. You will never have a problem with clashing of sizes. Is there a way to distinguish between an iPhone 4 and an iPad 3…? Hello… how can I make a special styles for the Iphone4 retina in landscape position? I can apply the portrait.. We have recently launched a new website that uses responsive design.

When I test in an emulator the devices highlighted the site looks fine, but still for some devices it seems not to work. Now, just want to know the css media query for the same catering all the tablets i.

It overflows. I have a px style set so what else am I doing wrong? Can anybody help me? You should use percent based values inside of the stylesheet, and set a max and min width for the link to the stylesheets.

Btw i was wondering if vendor prefixes are still needed for this or just the vanilla. I guess the general min-device All this pixel-fiddling does not make sense. With iPad 4 it is clear: you have to ask for the physical size and not for the pixel-resolution. I now realized my responsive web page. It not only adapts to small devices, but also to small browser windows.

So just narrow the width of your browser and look how the page changes. Also the pictures are responsive: When loading the page they are loaded according to your window size. All device-pixel-ratios need to be 2 only. Just thought it might help someone out there! Peas and korn. What is up with that…. Hey Chris, great info. Any ideas on how to check using PHP for a particular screen size, in this case for an iPhone, or max-screen-size: px?

I used media query it works in browser when i re-sized my browser, but it not work with mobile device, ipad, android , android mobile screen size width px, but it takes media only screen and min-widthpx and max-widthpx this query , what i do?

And for selection of the design think about using the width and height in inch or cm instead of pixels. See my website. Hey guys, when it comes to responsive there are many ways to accomplish your goals. Probably one of the most easy and common is the way Chris describes here. One that I have learned is to use increase max widths to target general smartphone devices such as the Samsung Galaxy 3 and others.

Umm, what Marcy? Nobody validates HTML anymore? Looks like you may need to work in another field. This is one thing that makes HTML 5 so great. It is semantic. I know web standards and I write code by hand every day. Validators often puke on code which is perfectly fine. Why do you ask for pixel size instead of physical sizes? It will only save your employment changing the same code again and again to add each new device. Marcy also said that the page fold is a myth.

Which is another case in which she is wrong. Putting the right content above the fold entices them to scroll in the first place. Debating ideas is awesome — insulting somebody and questioning their right to practice a discipline is immature and unprofessional. Everyone will benefit from more code and less negativity. A waste of design ethics when one does that. It is my opinion that misinformation passed around by people in my industry who claim to be experts is one of its biggest downsides. Especially when they present their opinions as fact, like Marcy did.

Junior developers are led astray every day by comments from people like this. Your responses are over dramatic. I responded to it. Hi all, becareful with Media Queries! They are not pixel accurate. Some times they are off only 20 pixels but other time they are off up to pixels… However, even few pixels is very bad when trying to target a certain mobile phone screen. Vhinmanansala, I am just reading Ethan Marcottes Responsive Web Design and he mentions that min-width and min-device -width are two different things.

I guess the essence is that a screen is not considered a device. It depends on your approach to code. But in some cases there may be , when the device is kept horizontally, the CSS code should be changed. I used this option to hide some elements for one of my site. It works fine for iPhone but doesnot work on other android phones. How to do that? You yourself seems to be doing other way round.

What is the best with for this? This is information is helpful, but is there any way to write minimum media queries and work on all size devices. I just found something strange that might save people a lot of wasted time with media queries on Android devices:. After some experiments:. There are several attributes that can be applied the the tag that alter the way they handle zoom. What this does is prevents the device from zooming on the page when it loads.

This solved an irritating zoomed-on-load issue I suddenly had with the iPhone 4s. My meta tag now looks like this:. This allows for the layout to adjust completely based on any display. The only hitch is the OS.

Any thoughts? This is the only OS that seems to cause problems now. Even Blackberries work fine. This way, the phones load like normal, but any display larger than px must have a very high DPI display to access the styles, so hopefully this will be phones only. Having your mobile layout designed for small screens appear on a iPad makes you feel like a spoon-fed kid, as the buttons are now big enough to smash with your fists instead of point with a finger. I found that some of the media queries here a bit haphazard.

For example, the smartphone landscape query is min-widthpx my desktop browser when larger then px wide will run the stylesheet intended for smartphones. After many frustrating hours I went looking and found this question on Stack Overflow, Media query ipad vs iphone4.

The media queries are being used to specifically target a device width, pixel density css ratio and the orientation. Leaving very little for one device to use another stylesheet not intended for it. Although this maybe slightly more to write out, you get the consistency across all devices and I have never had any headaches using this method since. I am pretty new with media queries.

I have a website I am creating a mobile version for. I need to push it to px to make it cover the width of portrait view. Any suggestions? I have tried the same media queries for wordpress test site loaded on localhost. This tool fails to catch landscape and portrait mode queries.

But while I tested localhosted wordpress site directly by changing screen resolution of my pc with windows 7 in portrait and landscape its works. This happens when the browser is set and the initial load of the css file with the Media query loads. So if I have. Any pointers or insite would be great. I have built my first truely responsive site, with a lot of help from CSS Tricks. My question is- I have only user min-width and max-width No min-device-width or max-device-width.

Is this incorrect? As far as I can tell my site is working fine across all devices, though testing UserAgents is a pain. Here is an example of my breakpoints. I am entirely new in this topic. But this seems very interesting.

Thanks a lot. Martin- Sure! I then use a gem which moves everything to the end for production. Moving forward with the above breakpoints, my CSS might like like this:. My above illustrations was simple… but when you use this for an entire site it becomes super powerful.

As Chris Coyer said the above way using mixins and SCSS is the way your brain wants to connect the dots, so why organize things differently. Since I have started to do this, I can just code mobile as I go. I can put together a sites CSS and responsive all at once, rather than two separate items.

Hi Chris. Great article. I often refer back to it. I was just thinking that a lot has evolved and come about with mobiles and tablets since you wrote this article back in October Smaller tablets have been released and some mobile resolutions have gotten bigger. Has this blurred the lines somewhat with your advised media queries for different devices? The problem with this is that it overlaps with the iPad and using min-device-pixel-ratio is not enough to separate them when you get to the iPad 3 as they both have that as 2.

Does anyone know how to make android behave and yet not get my mobile site to appear on the ipad. This detailed browser compatibility table of the viewport and some related items from Peter-Paul Koch will help anyone interested in this subject in separating the facts from the utopias. It also appears I need to position everything in a percentage to make it more fluid. You could always just keep the content centered or left aligned on the page at a normal width, say or px which would allow it to be readable.

My site maxes out at px so it looks the same on wide monitors, and wide monitors and beyond. Hi, I have some question, in ipad protrait mode… you have specified the min-device-widthpx and max-device-widthpx and orientation portrait and the same values you given for landscape too. Actually, when viewing with portrait in ipad the max-device-width will be px right? How the max-device-width be px. Is there a correct meta tag to go with this? This is an informative article however i would approach responsive design much the same as we currently do for fully fluid layouts.

My personal approach is semi fluid in nature with responsive design only to enhance the content. If for example we apply a fixed width on the container div as the most semantic selector Then we can simply target that by simply applying a max width, minimum width and auto for backwards compatibility.

Of course will work for semi modern browsers this is the best option in my opinion. We can scale this up or down based upon a percentage and change the width constrictions and there we have a complete fluid and responsive design.

Of course other elements needs to be specifically styled, rearranged or sometimes hidden i would not recommend by using media queries. Your text to link here… — is a polyfill for using media queries with IE 8 below. Hello, what about new smartphone with high resolution such as the sony xperia Z for exemple. Thanks for this guide. I am trying to figure out why you specified orientation for ipad, but not for smartphone..

It seems you omitted the orientation from these smartphone media queries, but specified them for ipad? Is the orientation needed for phones or only tablets? And say that media query hides some things with display: none in order to better visually accomodate the space.

This could be good or bad for accessibility. Or are you hiding useful things that a person using a screen reader should have access to like they normally would.

This entire post is based on the premise that display: none is bad for accessibility. If you have more to add, things to correct, or personal experience to share, please do. I had no idea of this, great article! Yes it is, no doubt! And that is the purpose of this article! To discuss the dark side of misusing it! Why would you hide things and still want them to be read? Sounds like a contradiction in terms to me. I agree. I never see a screen reader and maybe there is a reason of this but for me the problem is more how to unhide something on screen reader.

Skip links? Though only on large screens should they ever be allowed off-screen. To name just two. And Vexal, if you have never even seen a screen-reader or, I assume any other AT , then you really need to try one. Ade: good examples. The rationale for those examples, however, is to have extra content for screenreader users which is hidden for normal users. Dave: Faux naivety — no, serious question. Most have JS support; if they do not, they should for the purpose of these particular elements be treated like anyone else with no JS, and the content should probably not have been hidden in the first place.

A nice option for this is to hide things that need to be hidden that way with CSS, but under a class set by js like:. It saves you the trouble and unpleasant feeling of using! Unfortunately this is a sad truth.

Another sad fact is the lack of standard screen readers. For example label, even with display: none, it reads in Jaws for windows. But it is a point to take care.

It makes sense to hide something using display:none in that case with javascript , as in your FAQ example. The browser can tab into the FAQ question, read it, then hit enter to open up and and using anchors leap to the start of the answer. Note — if you really like, set the item to display:none by default, then immediately overwrite it in a file called e. Use javascript to remove the noscript.

This would avoid and display of all the open items, before js kicks in on DOM ready. This is a great example of how thorny web development can be. You might spend your time ensuring that your content is accessible to screenreaders, just to make it annoying for those folks to actually interact with your site.

I believe it was Roger Johansson Berea St. Personally, I use the. In my case, hidden text is a useful tool to accessibility. Here in Brazil, screen-reader users appreciate when we tell them where they are and how that content is showing.

I normally use h5bp. This is what I was going to ask. You could just use hide and show. Also, maybe you could update the way. You could set it up to even be passed down from things like slideDown, allowing you to instantly cover accessibility.

For example, you could throw a bunch of keywords in a div and hide it off the page. I feel like the problem is more with screen readers and less with the way things have been designed to be coded…. Screen-readers and most other ATs, are supposed to respect display:none form mode excepted because of its primary purpose.

And besides that, ATs that rely on the accessibility layer are at the mercy of what is in that layer. Both approaches are different than simply removing the item s in questions from the HTML markup.

Let’s look at the two in more detail. Using visibility: hidden hides an element from the browser; however, that hidden element still lives in the source code. Basically, visibility: hidden makes the element invisible to the browser, but it still remains in place and takes up the same space had you not hidden it.

For example, if you place a DIV on your page and use CSS to give it the dimensions of by pixels, the visibility: hidden property will hide the DIV , but the text following it will act as though it’s still there, respecting that by spacing. The visibility property is not used very frequently, and certainly not on its own.

If you’re also using other CSS properties such as positioning to achieve a layout , you might use visibility to hide that item initially, only to reveal it on hover. That’s only one possible use of this property, but again, its use is not frequent.

On clicking the below button this div. On clicking the below button this div tag won’t exist. Recommended Articles. Article Contributed By :. Easy Normal Medium Hard Expert. Writing code in comment? Please use ide.



How to Adjust Display Size on Windows 10 Steps (with Pictures).What is the difference between visibility:hidden and display:none ? – GeeksforGeeks

Like you mentioned, intent does matter. Permalink to comment June 30, Vuken Diesel. To ATs, that behaves the same as display:none, because of their use of an accessibility layer. The only hitch is the OS.


How to change size of computer screen display – none: –

There is not much that can excuse not knowing basics like this particular topic, which has been written about so many times for years now. Detecting portrait mode would then look something like…. Jeff H.

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